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考研英文阅读-基础

3096人浏览 / 0人评论 / | 作者:因情语写  | 分类: 英语  | 标签: 英语  | 

作者:因情语写

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    大纲解读/篇章分类

    The Economist
    《经济学人》
    The Guardian
    《卫报》
    Scientific American
    《科学美国人》
    Time
    《时代周刊》

    2010

    英国报纸中艺术评论的严肃性下降(社)
    商业方法专利(经/法)
    社会流行潮的驱动(社/经)
    美国国有化有毒资产(经)

    2011

    新兴媒体对于传统演奏会带来的冲击(社)
    高管裸辞(社/经)
    传统付费媒体以外的新兴媒体形式(经)
    明星对于民众生育观的影响(社)

    2012 同侪压力(社)
    安特吉公司与福蒙特州对簿公堂(经/法)
    科学声明到科学发现的过程(科)
    美国工会中公务员比例增加 (政)

    2013

    快时尚产业(社)
    行为广告(经)
    对于人类未来的预测(科)
    亚利桑那 VS 联邦政府(法)

    2014

    英国财政大臣改革福利制度(政)
    美国律师行业现状及问题 (社/经)
    基础物理学奖(科)
    当今美国不自由教育与《问题的核心》(社)

    2015

    西班牙国王退位给英国王室带来的思考(政)
    技术的进步需要法律的进步(法)
    《科学》杂志引入统计核查(社/科)
    新闻报业丑闻(社)

    2016

    时尚业重新定义模特美(社)
    英国城乡计划(政)
    企业社会责任的价值(经/法)
    《纽约时报》将停止纸质版发行(社)

    2017

    美国机场安检队伍过长(社)
    夏威夷原住民反对望远镜的建设(科)
    GDP 不是衡量国家成功的唯一标准(经/政)
    美国腐败案的裁决(法)

    2018

    自动化对于工作岗位的影响(经)
    社交媒体上的假新闻(社)
    大数据的利用与隐私权(法)
    美国邮政管理局的困境(社)

    2019

    英国改革银行家分红规则(经/法)
    高校中的成绩通胀(社)
    人工智能引发的思考(科)
    在线零售商增加税收(经/法)

   英语一 阅读大纲

    考生应能读懂选自各类书籍和报刊的不同类型的文字材料(生词量不超过所读材料总词汇量的 3%),还应能读懂与本人学习或工作有关的文献资料、技术说明和产品介绍等。对所读材料,考生应能:

    英语二 阅读大纲

    考生应能读懂不同题材和体裁的文字材料。题材包括经济、管理、社会、文化、科普等,体裁包括说明文、议论文和记叙文等。根据阅读材料,考生应能:

    大纲解读/题型分类

    主旨大意题

    提问方式:
    1. 针对主旨发问: what is the passage mainly about? (summarize、 main idea)
    2. 考查文章标题: which of the following could be the best title for the passage?

    基本解题思路
    1.因文而异,殊途同归。
    开门见山型:答案常见于开篇处。
    不破不立型:开篇转折处。
    起承转合型: BPES 型


    开篇至记叙性文字结束,议论性文字开始处。
    问题答案型:文章结尾处。
    2.解题后置。
    3.构思作文法&逆推法。
    4.拒绝标题党,不选文艺范。

    错误答案特征:
    1.局部信息,以偏概全,用段意来代替整篇文章的主旨。
    2.偏离中心,选项内容看似与原文相关,但是不能概括全文。
    3.扩大范围,选项使用了一个过于宏观的内容去概括全文。

    例 1 (2011 英语一 Text 2)
    Par.1
    ① When Liam McGee departed as president of Bank of America in August, his explanation was surprisingly straight up. ② Rather than cloaking his exit in the usual vague excuses, he came right out and said he was leaving “to pursue my goal of running a company.” ③ Broadcasting his ambition was “very much my decision,”McGee says. ④ Within two weeks, he was talking for the first time with the board of Hartford Financial Services Group, which named him CEO and chairman on September 29.
    第一段: Liam McGee 为例引出高管裸辞的现象。
    Par.2
    ⑤McGee says leaving without a position lined up gave him time to reflect on what kind of company he wanted to run. ⑥ It also sent a clear message to the outside world about his aspirations. ⑦And McGee isn’t alone. ⑧In recent weeks the No.2executives at Avon and American Express quit with the explanation that they were looking for a CEO post. ⑨As boards scrutinize succession plans in response to shareholder pressure, executives who don’t get the nod also may wish to move on. ⑩A turbulent business environment also has senior managers cautious of letting vague pronouncements cloud their reputations.
    第二段:举例说明高管裸辞的原因。
    Par.3
    ⑪As the first signs of recovery begin to take hold, deputy chiefs may be more willing to make the jump without a net. ⑫In the third quarter, CEO turnover was down 23%from a year ago as nervous boards stuck with the leaders they had, according to Liberum Research. ⑬ As the economy picks up, opportunities will abound for aspiring leaders.
    第三段:进一步说明高管裸辞的原因。
    Par.4
    ⑭The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. ⑮For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. ⑯Says Korn /Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey: “I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.”
    第四段:裸辞现象并不传统,以前高管多来自于“挖墙脚”。
    Par.5
    ⑰Those who jumped without a job haven’t always landed in top positions quickly. ⑱Ellen Marram quit as chief of Tropicana a decade ago, saying she wanted to be aCEO.⑲It was a year before she became head of a tiny Internet-based commodities exchange. ⑳Robert Willumstad left Citigroup in 2005 with ambitions to be a CEO.㉑He finally took that post at a major financial institution three years later.
    第五段:裸辞的风险。
    Par.6
    ㉒Many recruiters say the old disgrace is fading for top performers. ㉓The financial crisis has made it more acceptable to be between jobs or to leave a bad one. ㉔“Thetraditional rule was it’s safer to stay where you are, but that’s been fundamentally inverted,” says one headhunter. ㉕“The people who’ve been hurt the worst are those who’ve stayed too long.”
    第六段:金融危机带来了高管裸辞现象。
    30. Which of the following is the best title for the text?
[A] CEOs: Where to Go?
[B] CEOs: All the Way Up?
[C] Top Managers Jump Without a Net
[D] The Only Way Out for Top Performers
    30. 下列哪个选项是文章最好的题目?
[A]首席执行官:敢问路在何方?
[B]首席执行官:一路高歌猛进?
[C]高管裸辞
[D]高管的唯一出路

    例 2 (2010 英语二 Text 1)
    Par.1
    ①The longest bull run in a century of art-market history ended on a dramatic note with a sale of 56 works by Damien Hirst, Beautiful Inside My Head Forever, atSotheby’s in London on September 15th 2008.②All but two pieces sold, fetching more than £70m, a record for a sale by a single artist. ③It was a last victory. ④As the auctioneer called out bids, in New York one of the oldest banks on Wall Street,Lehman Brothers, filed for bankruptcy.
    第一段:通过艺术品市场牛市的终结这一现象引出主题。
    Par.2
    ⑤The world art market had already been losing momentum for a while after rising bewilderingly since 2003. ⑥ At its peak in 2007 it was worth some $65 billion,reckons Clare McAndrew, founder of Arts Economics, a research firm—double the figure five years earlier. ⑦ Since then it may have come down to $50 billion. ⑧ Butthe market generates interest far beyond its size because it brings together great wealth, enormous egos, greed, passion and controversy in a way matched by fewother industries.
    第二段: 2003 年以来艺术品市场的发展趋势。
    Par.3
    ⑨ In the weeks and months that followed Mr. Hirst’s sale, spending of any sort became deeply unfashionable. ⑩ In the art world that meant collectors stayed away from galleries and salerooms. ⑪Sales of contemporary art fell by two-thirds, and inthe most overheated sector, they were down by nearly 90% in the year to November 2008. ⑫ Within weeks the world’s two biggest auction houses, Sotheby’s andChristie’s, had to pay out nearly $200 million in guarantees to clients who had placed works for sale with them.
    第三段:具体说明全球经济衰退对艺术品市场的冲击。
    Par.4
    ⑬The current downturn in the art market is the worst since the Japanese stopped buying Impressionists at the end of 1989. ⑭This time experts reckon that prices are about 40% down on their peak on average, though some have been far more fluctuant.⑮But Edward Dolman, Christie’s chief executive, says: “I’m pretty confident we’reat the bottom.”
第四段:艺术品市场的现状及专家对其走势的预估。
    Par.5
    ⑯What makes this slump different from the last, he says, is that there are still buyers in the market. ⑰Almost everyone who was interviewed for this special report saidthat the biggest problem at the moment is not a lack of demand but a lack of good work to sell. ⑱The three Ds—death, debt and divorce—still deliver works of art to the market. ⑲But anyone who does not have to sell is keeping away, waiting forconfidence to return.
    第五段:专家对艺术品市场持乐观态度的原因。
    25.The most appropriate title for this text could be_______。
[A] Fluctuation of Art Prices
[B] Up-to-date Art Auctions
[C] Art Market in Decline
[D] Shifted Interest in Arts
    25. 最适合本文的题目可能是______。
[A] 艺术品价格的波动
[B] 最新一次的艺术品拍卖
[C] 衰退中的艺术品市场
[D] 对艺术品兴趣的转移

    细节信息题

    提问方式:
    1. According to paragraph/the text, 具体信息?
    2. Which of the following is true according to…?
    3. It can be learned from paragraph that…
    4.具体信息+because/because of/due to…

    基本解题思路
    1.返回原文(必须) ,找出命题句。
    2.精读原句,直接比对选项得出答案,不要进行任何推理。
    3.如果命题句看不懂,可根据最近的上下句进行理解。
    4.正确答案往往与原文有多处词汇、短语和分句的同义替换。

    错误答案特征:
    1.无中生有,与原文内容相关,符合常识,但原文未提及。
    2.偷换概念,将命题句中核心概念偷换掉,如偷换主语。
    3.答非所问,选项内容正确,但没有回答出所提问题。

    例 1 (2011 英语一 Text 1)
    Par.4
    Devoted concertgoers who reply that recordings are no substitute for live performance are missing the point. For the time, attention, and money of the art-loving public, classical instrumentalists must compete not only with opera houses, dance troupes,theater companies, and museums, but also with the recorded performances of the great classical musicians of the 20th century. These recordings are cheap, available everywhere, and very often much higher in artistic quality than today’s live performances; moreover, they can be “consumed” at a time and place of the listener’s choosing. The widespread availability of such recordings has thus brought about acrisis in the institution of the traditional classical concert.
    24. According to the text, which of the following is true of recordings?
[A] They are often inferior to live concerts in quality.
[B] They are easily accessible to the general public.
[C] They help improve the quality of music.
[D] They have only covered masterpieces.
    24. 根据文章,以下有关音乐唱片的说法哪一项是正确的?
[A]它们的质量通常低于现场演唱会
[B]它们很容易被大众所获得
[C]它们有助于提高音乐品质
[D]它们只包含杰作

    例 2 (2011 年 英语二 Text 1)
    Par.1
    Ruth Simmons joined Goldman Sachs's board as an outside director in January 2000;a year later she became president of Brown University. For the rest of the decade she apparently managed both roles without attracting much criticism. But by the end of2009 Ms. Simmons was under fire for having sat on Goldman's compensation committee; how could she have let those enormous bonus payouts pass unremarked? By February the next year Ms. Simmons had left the board. The position was justtaking up too much time, she said.
    21. According to Paragraph 1, Ms. Simmons was criticized for________.
[A] gaining excessive profits
[B] failing to fulfill her duty
[C] refusing to make compromises
[D] leaving the board in tough times
    21. 根据第一段, Simmons 女士因 ______ 而遭到批评。
[A] 谋取了过多的利益
[B] 未能履行职责
[C] 拒绝妥协
[D] 在董事会艰难时期离开

    推理判断题

    提问方式:
    1. It can be inferred/implied that...
    2. Which of the following can be inferred from…
    3. The author indicates that…

    基本解题思路
    1.根据题干或选项返回原文。
    2.依据原文的意思进行判断、理解,但不要推理。
    3.注意推理题的“最近推理原则”:能不推理则不推理,如果非推理不可,则推理较近的优于推理较远的选项。
    4.实在不能确定时,可采取排除法。

    错误答案特征:
    1.无中生有,与原文内容相关,符合常识,但原文未提及。
    2.推理过度,推理出原文未出现的内容。

    例(2012 英语一 Text 3)
    Par.2
    ①Consequently, discovery claims should be thought of as protoscience. Similar to newly staked mining claims, they are full of potential. ②But it takes collective scrutiny and acceptance to transform a discovery claim into a mature discovery. ③This is the credibility process, through which the individual researcher’s me, here, now becomes the community’s anyone, anywhere, anytime. ④Objective knowledge is the goal, not the starting point.
    32. It can be inferred from Paragraph 2 that credibility process requires ______.
[A] strict inspection
[B] shared efforts
[C] individual wisdom
[D] persistent innovation
    32. 从第二段可推知, “取信过程”需要 _____ 。
[A]严格审查
[B]共同努力
[C]个人智慧
[D]不断创新

    词汇理解题

    提问方式:
    1. The word/phrase “…” most probably means ______.
    2. The word/phrase “…” is closest in meaning to ______.

    基本解题思路
    1.如果针对词汇进行直接命题,一般不是考查学生是否掌握了此单词的含义,而是考查学生能否利用上下文推测词义。
    2.返回原文找出原词,寻找特殊标点、定语从句、举例处、定义处、并列论据处等同义替换。
    3.判断出词义后要将选项带回原文,检查原句是否通顺。
    4.注意: 一般来说, 四个备选答案在抛开上下文的情况下都能使命题句通顺。但是联系上下文之后,就只有一个选项能满足行文逻辑了。

    错误答案特征:
    1.脱离语境,取生词的字面含义或第一释义,而非原文中考查的含义。
    2.利用拼写较为复杂的词汇迷惑考生。
    3.利用拼写与原文相似的词汇勾引考生上当。

    例 1 (2011 英语一 Text 2)
    Par.4
    The decision to quit a senior position to look for a better one is unconventional. For years executives and headhunters have adhered to the rule that the most attractive CEO candidates are the ones who must be poached. Says Korn/Ferry senior partner Dennis Carey: “I can’t think of a single search I’ve done where a board has not instructed me to look at sitting CEOs first.”
    28. The word “poached” (Line 2, Paragraph 4) most probably means ______.
[A] approved of
[B] attended to
[C] hunted for
[D] guarded against
    28. 第四段第二行中 poached 一词的含义最有可能的意思是 ______ 。
[A]赞成的
[B]关注的
[C]寻找的
[D]提防的

    例 2 (2015 年 英语二 Text 1)
    Par.4
    But it’s not just a gender thing. At work, people pretty much know what they’re supposed to be doing: working, making money, doing the tasks they have to do in order to draw an income. The bargain is very pure: Employee puts in hours of physical or mental labor and employee draws out life-sustaining moola.
    24.The word “moola”(Line 4, Para 4) most probably means ______.
  [A] energy
  [B] skills
  [C] earnings
  [D] nutrition
    24. “moola”(第四段,第四行)一词最有可能的含义是 ______.
[A] 能量
[B] 技能
[C] 收入
[D] 营养

    态度方向题

    提问方式:
    1. The author’s attitude toward… is ______.
    2. The author holds/ believes/ suggests/agrees that… is ______.
    3. What’s the author’s attitude toward… ?
    4. 人名+would most likely agree that _____.
    5. 人名+attitude toward… is ______.

    基本解题思路
    1.考研英语阅读理解中的态度方向题往往具有“多元化”的特点,很少出现极端态度表达。
    2.注意题干是考查宏观态度还是微观态度。
    3.除了要注意常规的表达态度方向的动词、形容词、副词之外,还要特别注意语气词在态度方向题中的作用。
    4.不要把自己的态度揉入其中,还要区分作者的态度和其引用的“专家”的态度是否完全一致。
    5.表示否定、质疑等消极方向的词成为正确选项的可能性较高。

    错误答案特征:
    1.符合常识,但原文未提及,错把自己的观点当成是作者的观点。
    2.语气强烈,含有极端的词汇表达。
    3.把专家的观点误以为是作者的观点(驳论文中常见)。

    例 1 (2012 英语一 Text 1)
    Par.6
    Far less certain, however, is how successfully experts and bureaucrats can select our peer groups and steer their activities in virtuous directions. It’s like the teacher who breaks up the troublemakers in the back row by pairing them with better-behaved classmates. The tactic never really works. And that’s the problem with a social cure engineered from the outside: in the real world, as in school, we insist on choosing our own friends.
    25. The author suggests in the last paragraph that the effect of peer pressure is______.
[A] harmful
[B] desirable
[C] profound
[D] questionable
    25. 作者在最后一段暗示同侪压力的影响是______ 。
[A]有害的
[B]令人满意的
[C]深刻的
[D]令人质疑的

    例 2 (2017 年 英语二 Text 1)
    Par.4
    ①Indeed, there is something a little absurd in the state getting involved in the planning of such a fundamentally “grassroots”, concept as community sports associations. ②If there is a role for government, it should really be getting involved in providing common goods—making sure there is space for playing fields and the money to pave tennis and netball courts, and encouraging the provision of all these activities in schools. ③But successive governments have presided over selling green spaces, squeezing money from local authorities and declining attention on sport in education. ④Instead of wordy, worthy strategies, future governments need to do more to provide the conditions for sport to thrive. ⑤Or at least not make them worse.
    25. The author’s attitude to what UK governments have done for sports is______.
[A] tolerant.
[B] critical.
[C] uncertain.
[D] sympathetic.
    25. 对于英国政府关于运动的作为作者的态度是 _________.
A. 宽容的
B. 批判的
C. 不确定的
D. 同情的

    论点论据题

    提问方式:
    1. … is cited as an example of ______.
    2. The example of … shows that ______.
    3. … is mentioned to (show that) ______.
    4. … is quoted to indicate that _____.

    基本解题思路
    1.返回原文,找出原句。
    2.判断论点、论据的关系。
    3.沿着论据向前寻找,距离论据最近的句子就是论点。
    4.寻找 for example/for instance/such as/时间节点/地点等标志词汇。
    5.考研阅读中论点往往比论据简单,不要纠结于论据里面的内容,直接看前面的论点。

    错误答案特征:
    过于细节的信息(论据里的信息)往往是迷惑学生的内容。

    例 1 (2015 英语一 Text 2)
    Par.7
    But the justices should not swallow California’s argument whole. New, disruptive technology sometimes demands novel applications of the Constitution’s protections. Orin Kerr, a law professor, compares the explosion and accessibility of digital information in the 21st century with the establishment of automobile use as a virtual necessity of life in the 20th: The justices had to specify novel rules for the new personal domain of the passenger car then; they must sort out how the Fourth Amendment applies to digital information now.
    30. Orin Kerr’s comparison is quoted to indicate that______.
  [A] the Constitution should be implemented flexibly.
  [B] new technology requires reinterpretation of the Constitution.
  [C] California’s argument violates principles of the Constitution.
  [D] principles of the Constitution should never be altered.
    30. (作者)引用了 Orin Kerr 的对比,是用来表明______ 。
[A]宪法应该被灵活实施
[B]新的技术需要对宪法重新解读
[C]加利福尼亚州的说辞违反了宪法规定
[D]宪法原则绝不应被修改

    例 2 (2013 年 英语二 Text 1)
    Par.4
    Yes, new technology has been eating jobs forever, and always will. But there’s been acceleration. As Davidson notes, “In the 10 years ending in 2009, U.S. factories shed workers so fast that they erased almost all the gains of the previous 70 years; roughly one out of every three manufacturing jobs—about 6 million in total—disappeared.”
    23. The quotation in Paragraph 4 explains that ______.
[A] gains of technology have been erased
[B] job opportunities are disappearing at a high speed
[C] factories are making much less money than before
[D] new jobs and services have been offered
    23. 第四段的引言说明 ______。
[A] 技术带来的效益已经被抹去
[B] 工作机会正在快速消失
[C] 工厂的利润比之前少很多
[D] 新的工作和服务已经出现

    文章续写题

    提问方式:
    In the following part immediately after this text, the author will most probably focus on ______.

    基本解题思路
    1.返回原文,精读阅读最后一段的最后一句话。
    2.概括文章最后一段的段意。
    3.从逻辑上,正确答案往往既能紧紧贴合全文最后一句,也能符合全文自然段逻辑。

    错误答案特征:
    1.无中生有,原文未提及。
    2.选项来自整个语篇结构的逻辑关系,而非段落结构的逻辑关系。

    例 (2010 英语二 Text 2)
    Par.5
    In short ,the image that best represents the current crisis is the stereotypical cartoon scene of a man sitting at the breakfast table with a newspaper held up in front of his face, while a woman glares at the back of it, wanting to talk.
    30. In the following part immediately after this text, the author will most probablyfocus on _____.
[A] a vivid account of the new book Divorce Talk
[B] a detailed description of the stereotypical cartoon
[C] other possible reasons for a high divorce rate in the U.S.
[D] a brief introduction to the political scientist Andrew Hacker
    30. 在文章接下来的部分,作者最可能专注于 ______。
[A]对新书《离婚之谈》的生动描述
[B]对老套的漫画的详细描述
[C](造成)美国高离婚率的其他可能的原因
[D]对政治科学家 Andrew Hacker 的简单介绍

    篇章的处理方式&学习方法

    先文后题 VS 先题后文

    先题后文:返回定位(不推荐)
    思考: 1.通过题干能否迅速把握文章中心
    2.通过题干能否精准找到命题句

    看真题: 2019 英语一 text 1
    21. According to Paragraph 1, one motive in imposing the new rule is the____.
    根据第一段,强制实行新规定的目的是 ______.
    22. Alfred Marshall is quoted to indicate____.
    引用 Alfred Marshall 的话用于表明 ______.
    23. It is argued that the influence of transient investment on public companies can be____.
    人们认为短期投资对于上市公司的影响将是 ______.
    24. The US and France examples are used to illustrate____.
    美国和法国的例子用于表明 ______.
    25. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
    A. Failure of Quarterly Capitalism
    B. Patience as a Corporate Virtue
    C. Decisiveness Required of Top Executives
    D.Frustration of Risk-taking Bankers
    25. 下面哪一项是文章最恰当的标题?
    A. 季度资本主义的失败
    B. 耐心是公司的美德
    C. 高管必备的果断
    D. 冒险银行家的挫败

    先文后题(推荐)

    1. 以自然段为单位,读一段,做一题。
    2. 命题的顺序与行文的顺序一致(题文同序),如果遇到不确定的选项,先跳过,等通读全文后再做定夺。
    3. 解题时, 先读题干, 带着问题返回原文, 二次精读原文后再看选项, 最后经过比对得出答案。
    4. 实在不能确定时再考虑使用技巧, 不可本末倒置。

    如何化解篇章中的难点

    “So few authors have brains enough or literary gift enough to keep their own end up in journalism, ” Newman wrote, “that I am tempted to define ‘journalism’ as ‘a term of contempt applied by writers who are not read to writers who are’.” ( 2010 英一真题)
    23. Which of the following would Shaw and Newman most probably agree on?
[A] It is writers’ duty to fulfill journalistic goals.
[B] It is contemptible for writers to be journalists.
[C] Writers are likely to be tempted into journalism.
[D] Not all writers are capable of journalistic writing.
    Par.1
    ①The rough guide to marketing success used to be that you got what you paid for. ② No longer. ③While traditional “paid” media—such as television commercials and print advertisements—still play a major role, companies today can exploit many alternative forms of media. (2011 英一真题)
    35. Which of the following is the text mainly about?
[A] Alternatives to conventional paid media.
[B] Conflict between hijacked and earned media.
[C] Dominance of hijacked media.
[D] Popularity of owned media.

    十年真题这样学

    2010 英语一 Text 1
    Par.1
    ①Of all the changes that have taken place in English-language newspapers during the past quarter-century, perhaps the most far-reaching has been the inexorable decline in the scope and seriousness of their arts coverage.
    Par.2
    ② It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to imagine a time when high-quality arts criticism could be found in most big-city newspapers. ③Yet a considerable number of the most significant collections of criticism published in the 20th century consisted in large part of newspaper reviews. ④To read such books today is to marvel at the fact that their learned contents were once deemed suitable for publication in general-circulation dailies.
    21. It is indicated in Paragraphs 1 and 2 that ______.
[A] arts criticism has disappeared from big-city newspapers
[B] English-language newspapers used to carry more arts reviews
[C] high-quality newspapers retain a large body of readers
[D] young readers doubt the suitability of criticism on dailies
    21. 第一段和第二段指出_________.
[A]艺术评论已经从大城市的报纸上消失了
[B]英文报纸过去常常刊登更多的艺术评论
[C]高质量的报纸可以留住大量的读者
[D]年轻的读者怀疑评论文章是否适合刊登在日报上

    Par.2
    ② It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to imagine a time when high-quality arts criticism could be found in most big-city newspapers.
    It is difficult to the point of impossibility for college graduates to imagine a time when job hunting was a piece of cake a decade ago. (大学生找工作难) It is difficult to the point of impossibility for people now to imagine a time when pure blue sky could be found in most big cities in China 20 years ago. (天不蓝了)

    生词&短语:

    1.take place 发生
    2.quarter-century n. 25 年, 1/4 世纪
    3.far-reaching a. 深远的,广泛的

consequence 影响深远后果
influence 深远的影响
effect 深远的影响

    4.inexorable a. 无情的;不可阻挡的
    exorable a. 可说服的;可用恳求打动的
    5.decline n. 下降,衰退
    6.scope n. 范围
    7.seriousness n. 严肃性,认真度
    8.coverage n. 范围,规模;(新闻)报道
    9.average a. 平均的,普通的
    10.criticism n. 批评,评论
    11.considerable a. 相当大(或多)的
    12.significant a. 重要的;有意义的
    13.collection n. 收集, ......合集
    14.consis of 由......组成
    15.marvel at 对......感到惊奇
    16.content n. 内容;主题
    17.be deemed 被视为,被认为
    18.circulation n. 流通发型

    长难句&背诵:
    It is difficult to the point of impossibility for the average reader under the age of forty to imagine a time when high-quality arts criticism could be found in most big-city newspapers.
    对于 40 岁以下的普通读者而言,他们很难想象在大多数大城市的主流报纸上可以读到高质量的艺术评论的那一年代。

    阅读技巧:
    ①句中的“inexorable”以典型的形容词后缀“able”结尾,如果实在不认识,可以略去,不影响整个句子的逻辑理解。

    解题技巧:
    1.错误选项往往符合常识,但原文并未提及。
    2.选项中含有对比的内容,具有相对较强的概括性,被选中的概率高。
    3.推理题往往可以使用逆推法(排除法),有时候正确答案不是选出来的,而且通过排除错误选项得到的。
    4.逻辑上相反的两个选项中往往有一个是正确答案。


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